MODULE CONTROL 1

Units 1 -3

Assignment 1. Fill in the gaps in the sentences by putting definite, indefinite, or zero article. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian:

1. … orientation, in …. marketing context, relates to a perception or attitude a firm holds towards its product or service. 2. I study at …. Trade Entrepreneurship and International Economics Faculty, majoring in … marketing. 3. … aim of … marketing is to know and understand … customers so well that … product or service fits them and sells itself. 4. It is very difficult for me to translate … economic text. 5. … term “marketing” is used to describe … wide range of functions concerned with successfully positioning … product or service for MODULE CONTROL 1 sale. 6. She leftyesterdayfor …. university where she is doing … degree course. 7. My friend would like to work as … financial director in our company.

Assignment 2. Translate the adjectives in the brackets and put them in the proper degree of comparison:

1. As price rises we can buy (дорогий) things or only things of (низький) quality. 2. We have to install (новий) equipment to increase the productivity. 3. Nowadays (великий) amount of people around the world are pursuing careers in marketing than several years before. 4. This year our company gets (високий) profits for the last five years. 5. We are not (великий) transportation company in our region MODULE CONTROL 1. 6. The period of economic crisis is the (поганий) period for our firm. 7. To be competitive in the market our transportation firm must offer our customers the delivery of goods to (далекий) distances at (низький) price.

Assignment 3. Use the correct personal, reflexive, or possessive pronouns. Use hints in the brackets in some sentences to help you:

1. Have … got a computer, Mandy? 2. … (we) business partners speak English, so … don’t need an interpreter. 3. … (she) general manager usually gives ... a lot of work. 4. Can you help … (we) to sent this fax, please? 5. I talked to the girl from the other department. … salary is MODULE CONTROL 1 higher than … . 6. Don’t trouble ... I can take care of it. 7. My computer turns … off. 8. I forgot ... mobile phone at home, so I used … (she). 9. Does ... (we) manager know that I was absent at the meeting? 10. I met Alice yesterday. ... invited ... to (they) trade show.

Assignment 4. Write the following words in normal English script. Fill in the gaps in the sentences with the words:

1. [kən΄sju:mə] 6. [¸distri΄bju:∫n]

2. [΄ædvətaiziη] 7. [di'mα:nd]

3. [¸eksi΄kju:∫n] 8. [ə'piə]

4. [i΄mə:dʒ] 9. [in΄hα:ns]

5. [΄α:gju:] 10.[¸eksplo:΄rei∫n]

1. Our firm uses … as one of MODULE CONTROL 1 the most important promotional tool. 2. The … on the market shows that we need to change our strategy to make the product competitive. 3. We employ a lot of people for the … of goods. 4. A successful company performs a lot of … to satisfy peoples’ wants and needs. 5. The … of the given agreement needs much more efforts than we thought. 6. Because of the wide variety of goods modern … can choose the best product for him at the lower price. 7. We have to do our best to improve the …of our products. 8. During the meeting we … a lot to create the MODULE CONTROL 1 best promotional strategy for our company. 9. Our sales managers and financial director do all possible to … the control for the credits to wholesalers. 10. Nowadays, a lot of foreign competitors … on the home market.

Assignment 5. Translate the following sentences into English:

1. Ми повинні добре знати історію маркетингу та його сучасні потреби, щоб досягти успіху у своїй спеціальності. 2. Їх продукт є найякіснішим на внутрішньому ринку. 3. Результати досліджень показали, що наші конкуренти є лідерами ринку десятиріччя за десятиріччям. 4. Підприємство мого колеги виготовляє продукцію тільки найвищої якості. 5. Рух на захист довкілля допомагає його компанії отримувати високі, а інколи й найвищі прибутки. 6. Його відділ використовує MODULE CONTROL 1 систему безпосереднього поштового зв’язку, щоб швидко доставити продукцію на ринок. 7. Місце розташування є одним з найважливіших показників успіху продажу товару. 8. Наші конкуренти досягають високих результатів, а їх ціни є найнижчими в регіоні. 9. Секретар нашого менеджера по збуту є відповідальним за отримання звітів про результати дослідження ринку. 10. Уподобання людей впливають на результати продажу певних видів товарів.

Assignment 6. Match terms in the left column with their definitions in the right column. Use the glossary to help you:



1. marketer a) advertising sent directly to prospective customers via the mail.
2. client b) the process of dividing the total market into several MODULE CONTROL 1 submarkets (segments) that have similar characteristics.
3. direct mail c) what a company produces/makes or offers.
4. market segmentation d) someone who pays for goods or services.
5. marketing e) a general direction in which something tends to move.
6. telemarketing f) an activity that includes different kinds of business dealing with the movement of goods and services from producer to consumer.
7. trend g) someone who promotes or exchanges goods or services for money.
8. product h) the use of the telephone as an interactive medium for promotion.

UNIT 4

“Exchange is no robbery”

(Proverb)

“It is all ill bargain, where no man wins”

(Proverb MODULE CONTROL 1)

Market

Exercise 1. Read and learn the following words and word combinations:

to do business – вести бізнес;

market hall –критий ринок;

to take place – відбуватись, мати місце;

arrangement [ə'reindʒmənt]– угода;

to enable [i'neibl] – давати змогу;

to transact business – вести бізнес;

to establish [is'tæbli∫] a price – встановлювати ціну;

shorthand['∫o:thænd]expression[ iks'pre∫n] – коротке визначення;

households’ decisions –рішення домогосподарств;

alternative[o:l'tə:nətiv]goods– взаємозамінні (альтернативні) товари;

to reconcile ['rekənsail]–приводити у відповідність, узгоджувати

by adjustment[ə'd Λstmənt]of prices –шляхом коригування цін;

transaction– угода;

commodity[kə'moditi]– товар;

tangible MODULE CONTROL 1 – матеріальний; видимий;/ intangible – нематеріальний; невидимий;

to consume - споживати;

supplier [sə'plaiə] – постачальник;

demander– споживач;

to exceed[ik'si:d]–перевищувати;

excess[ik'səs]supply –надлишкова \ надмірна пропозиція;

excess[ik'səs]demand–надлишковий \ надмірний попит;

to occur [ə'kə:] - з’являтись;

to provide [prə'vaid] – забезпечувати; постачати;

open / free market –відкритий ринок;

relative['relətiv] price –відносна ціна;

to increase – підвищувати;

to decrease – знижувати; спадати;

to eliminate [i'limineit] – ліквідувати, знищувати;

equilibrium[¸i:kwi'libriəm]–рівновага;

equal['i:kwəl]–рівний, однаковий;

to coincide [¸kouin'said] – збігатися;

precisely[pri'saisli]–точно, цілком правильно;

to conclude a contract MODULE CONTROL 1 – заключати контракт;

spot market –спотовий ринок;

currency ['kΛrənsi] - валюта;

securities [si'kjuəritiz] - цінні папери;

to be available [ə'veiləbl] for - бути доступним;

immediate [i'mi:djət] / future delivery –негайна доставка / доставка через певний проміжок часу;

futures market –ринок термінових договорів;

to fix in advance –встановлювати заздалегідь;

commodity [kə'moditi] market –товарний ринок;

stock market –фондова біржа;

foreign exchange market –валютний ринок;

terminal market –кінцевий ринок (валютний);

raw [ro:] materials [mə'tiəriəls] – сировина;

manufactured[¸mænju'fækt∫əd] goods – готові (вироблені) товари;

stock – акція;

share [∫εə] - частка; акція;

stock exchange – фондова біржа;

local authorities MODULE CONTROL 1 [o:'θoritiz] – місцева влада;

to attract capital – залучати (приваблювати) капітал;

investor – інвестор;

to trade – торгувати;

Exercise 2. Read and translate the text:

Market

The oldest form of market – the traditional market – is a place where buyers meet sellers to do business with one another. Most of our towns still have a market square or market hall where buying and selling takes place in a manner which has not changed for centuries.

In the modern world, however, a market is best defined as any arrangement which enablesbuyers and sellers to transact business in such a way that prices can be established MODULE CONTROL 1 and exchanges take place.

A market is a shorthand expression for the process by which households’ decisions about consumption of alternative goods firms’ decisions about what and how to produce, and workers’ decisions about how much and for whom to work are all reconciled by adjustment of prices.

A market is a set o f transactions in which a particular kind of commodity is exchanged, and in which the transactions for this commodity among different individuals and firms are related.

There are markets for hundreds of thousands of things. Some of these things are tangibleand satisfy individual desires, while others are MODULE CONTROL 1 intangible but also important in satisfying individual interests. These things are referred to as products. Frequently, product markets are divided into two classes: goods and services. For example, a hamburger is a good, while a doctor’s examination is a service.

A market is created when those who willingly supply a good, service, or resource exchange with those who desire to use, control, or consumea good, service, or resource.

Markets reallocate commodities from suppliers to demanders. What if suppliers want to provide more than demanders want to purchase? Or, what if demanders want more than suppliers MODULE CONTROL 1 are willing to provide?

Excess supply occurswhen, at a particular market price, the quantity that suppliers want to provide to the market exceeds the quantity that demanders want to purchase. Excess demand occurs when, at a particular market price, the quantity that suppliers want to provide to the market is less than the quantity that demanders want to purchase.

In an open or free market, the relative price for a commodity will generally decrease when there is excess supply; the relative price will generally increasewhen there is excess demand. Excess demand will be eliminated if the relative price is free to MODULE CONTROL 1 increase.

A market is equilibrium when the quantity that suppliers are willing to provide to the market at a specific market price is exactly equal to the quantity that demanders desire to purchase in the market at the same market price.

The importance of equilibrium is that the equilibrium relative price is the only price at which the interests of demanders coincide precisely with the interests of the suppliers. At any other relative price, the interests of suppliers and demanders do not coincide.

There are two types of markets according to the character ofconcluded contracts: spot markets (the buying MODULE CONTROL 1 and selling of goods, currency or securities that are available for immediate delivery) and futures markets (the buying and selling of goods, currency or securities for delivery at a future date for a price fixed in advance).

There are three types of markets according to their function: commodity markets / exchanges, stock markets/ exchanges, foreign exchange markets.

Commodity markets / exchanges are the places where raw materials and some manufactured goods are bought and sold for immediate or future delivery. Main terminal markets are situated in London and New York. Terminal markets are the markets dealing mainly with commodities MODULE CONTROL 1 that will be available in the future rather than goods that are available immediately. Most terminal markets are outside the countries that produce the goods.

Stock markets / exchanges are the markets where stocks and shares are bought and sold under fixed rules, but at prices controlled by supply and demand. The main idea of stock exchanges is to enable public companies, the state and local authorities to attract capitalby way of selling securities to investors.

Foreign exchange markets are the markets where foreign currencies are traded.

Exercise 3. Answer the following questions:

1. What is the oldest form of market?

2. What is a market MODULE CONTROL 1? Give several definitions.

3. How are product markets divided?

4. When are markets created?

4. When does excess supply occur?

5. When does excess demand occur?

6. When is a market equilibrium?

7. Is there any difference between spot markets and futures markets?

8. How many types of markets are distinguished according to their function?

9. What is a stock market?

10. What is a foreign exchange market?

Exercise 4. Give Ukrainian equivalents of the following:

market square or market hall, to enable, to transact business, to establish prices, according to, individual interests, to coincide precisely, equilibrium, at the same market price, excess demand, tangible\ intangible things, to eliminate MODULE CONTROL 1, to conclude a contract, to reconcile by adjustment of prices, to reallocate, spot market, to sell under fixed rules, relative price, immediate delivery , currency, securities, terminal market, to be equal to, in advance.

Exercise 5. Give English equivalents of the following:

взаємодія споживачів і постачальників, надмірний(а) попит/пропозиція, надавати послуги, розміщення ринку, значення рівноваги, повністю співпадати, критий ринок, узгоджувати, рішення домогосподарств, обмін цінних паперів, валютний ринок, взаємозамінний товар, доступний, фондова біржа, кінцевий ринок, сировина, товарний ринок, органи державної та місцевої влади, ліквідувати перевищення попиту/пропозиції, збігатись з, забезпечувати ринок товарами, укладати угоду.

Exercise 6. Match and learn MODULE CONTROL 1 the synonyms:

A: particular, market square, to trade, money, goods, stock, consumer, local, to appear, to coincide;

B: commodity, to occur, market hall, demander, to sell, certain, currency, to be equal, share, regional.

Exercise 7. Match and learn the opposites:

A:available, tangible, different, modern, immediately, to increase, buying, frequently, in advance, to create;

B: particular, intangible, in the future, unavailable, to eliminate, selling, old, in time, rarely, to decrease.

Exercise 8. Complete the sentences using the proper words from the list below:

market hall, service, excess supply, eliminated, futures markets, foreign currencies, terminal markets

1. Excess demand will be … if the relative price is free MODULE CONTROL 1 to increase. 2. A hamburger is a good, while a doctor’s examination is a … . 3. Most of our towns still have a market square or … where buying and selling takes place in a manner which has not changed for centuries. 4. Foreign exchange markets are the markets where … are traded. 5. Most … are outside the countries that produce the goods. 6. … occurs when, at a particular market price, the quantity that supplies want to provide to the market exceeds the quantity that demanders want to purchase. 7. There are two types of markets according to the character of concluded contracts: spot markets MODULE CONTROL 1 and … .

Exercise 9. Put questions to the bold part of the sentence:

1. In the modern world, a market is best defined as any arrangement which enables buyers and sellers to transact business. 2. The relative price for a commodity will generally decrease when there is excess supply. 3. There are three types of markets according to their function: commodity markets, stock markets, and foreign exchange markets. 4. The main idea of stock exchanges is to enable public companies, the state, and local authorities to attract capitalby way of selling securities to investors. 5. Some of goods are tangible and satisfy individual desires. 6. Markets MODULE CONTROL 1 reallocate commodities from suppliers to demanders. 7. A market is equilibrium when the quantity that suppliers are willing to provide exactly equal to the quantity that demanders desire to purchase.

Exercise 10. Match terms in A with their definitions in B:

A B
1) excess supply a) a set o f transactions in which a particular kind of commodity is exchanged, and in which the transactions for this commodity among different individuals and firms are related.
2) futures market b)a situation in the market whichoccurs when, at a particular market price, the quantity that suppliers want to provide to the market exceeds MODULE CONTROL 1 the quantity that demanders want to purchase.
3) stock market c) the market dealing mainly with commodities that will be available in the future rather than goods that are available immediately.
4) excess demand d) the only price at which the interests of demanders happen to coincide precisely with the interests of the suppliers. At any other relative price, the interests of suppliers and demanders do not coincide.
5) commodity market e) the buying and selling of goods, currency or securities that are available for immediate delivery.
6) relative price f) the place where raw materials and some manufactured goods are bought and MODULE CONTROL 1 sold for immediate or future delivery.
7) spot market g) the buying and selling of goods, currency or securities for delivery at a future date for a price fixed in advance.
8) market h) the market where stocks and shares are bought and sold under fixed rules, but at prices controlled by supply and demand.
9) terminal market i) a situation in the market which occurs when, at a particular market price, the quantity that suppliers want to provide to the market is less than the quantity that demanders want to purchase.

Exercise 11. Translate into English:

1. Рівновага на ринку дуже важлива для всіх MODULE CONTROL 1 учасників процесу торгівлі. 2. Ринок створюється тоді, коли ті, хто хочуть постачати товари, обмінюються з тими, хто бажає використовувати чи споживати товари. 3. Товарний ринок поділяється на два класи: ринок товарів та ринок послуг. 4. Врівноважена відносна ціна – це єдина ціна, за якої інтереси покупців чітко співпадають з інтересами постачальників. 5. Акції та облігації продаються за встановленими правилами на ринку цінних паперів. 6. Зазвичай кінцевий ринок знаходиться за межами країни, що виробляє товар. 7. За наявності перевищення попиту, відносна ціна, зазвичай, зростає. 8. За любої відносної ціни інтереси постачальників та споживачів не співпадають. 9. Перевищення попиту буде ліквідовано, якщо відносна ціна зможе вільно зростати. 10. Традиційний ринок MODULE CONTROL 1 – це місце, де покупці зустрічаються з продавцями щоб вести справи\бізнес один з одним.


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