The Present Perfect Tense

Ознакомление с видо-временной формой The Present Perfect Tense учитель начинает с беседы:

Сегодня мы будем говорить о событиях, происшедших до настоя­щего момента в вашей жизни, жизни вашего класса и школы. Но для этого необходимо изучить новую для вас грамматическую форму The Present Perfect Tense...

Создав необходимую мотивационную готовность к усвоению данной грамматической структуры, учитель демонстрирует ее употребление в различных высказываниях типа:

This is Ann's exercise-book. She has written the test without any mistakes. Ann has learned the topic well. She has worked at English hard. She has got an excellent mark. Here it is.

And look The Present Perfect Tense at this picture, please. Can you guess who has drawn it? Yes, Sasha has drawn the picture. It's really nice. Sasha has learned to draw well. He can become an artist.

Контроль понимания значения Present Perfect осущест­вляется учителем в ходе формулирования правила с помощью наводящих вопросов:

1. Какие события, совершившиеся к моменту речи или вообще в прошлом, передает форма Present Perfect?

2. С какой целью употребляется Present Perfect: чтобы обратить внимание собеседника на возможность самого события или на время его совершения? *

Форму Present Perfect следует раскрывать как систему значимых единиц, элементов языкового сообщения посредством сопоставления и противопоставления формообразования Pre­sent The Present Perfect Tense Indefinite, Present Continuous, Present Perfect.

Вопросительная и отрицательная формы вводятся методом сравнения.

Сравните следующие предложения и скажите, как образуются вопросительная и отрицательная формы настоящего совершенного времени:

1. They- have finished their work.

Have they finished their work? Yes, they

have.

No, they

What have they finished ; ? - . have no1-

2. Nick has explained a new rule to Ann,

Has Nick explained a new rule ; to Ann?'

What has Nick explained to Ann?

What has Nick done? . •;.

Who has explained a new rule to Ann?.

После фонетической отработки форм глагола to have и Ра Participle, необходимых для урока правильных и неправильн глаголов, следует перейти к The Present Perfect Tense языковым и условно-речев упражнениям со зрительной опорой на грамматическую таблиц Для закрепления Present Perfect в устной речи уч щихся используется серия упражнений:

1. Make up sentences using modifiers of time:

Moscow. Leningra Kiev. Riga.

2.Mr. Brown has mixed up some places of interest in our country. Correct his mistakes.

e.g.: I have been to the Pushkin Museum in Minsk.

3.Ask your friend what places of interest he / she has been to. e.g.: Have you been to the Kremlin?

4.Say what you have done today. Follow the model, please. e.g.: J have read an interesting story The Present Perfect Tense today.

5.Complete the following situations:

e.g.: Lena is cleaning the table. Now the table is clean. Ann ... (Ann has cleaned the table).

6.Say what interesting event has taken place in your life (at school) this year. .

e.g.: My parents have presented me with a watch, etc.

7.Respond the statements and make them real by adding «already», «just», «not yet».

e.g.: Pi.: I have finished school.

Pt.: I haven't finished school yet.

8.Express your surprise:

e.g. Т.: John has read all the books by Jack London?

Has he really read all the books by The Present Perfect Tense Jack London.

9.Ask your friend if he has done these actions. e.g.: Т.: We have cleaned our desks. And Peter?

Pi.: Peter, have you cleaned your desk? Pj.: Yes, I have.

10.Say what you or anybody else haven't done yet and why? e.g.: I haven't seen the film because I have no time.

11.Ask and answer the following situations. e.g.: My sister is out. Where ... (to go)?

12.Guess what your classmate has just done outside the door.

13.Complete the sentences and decide whether you must add «for» or «since»:

e.g.: Kate (play the piano) ... 1985.

Thomas The Present Perfect Tense (collect stamps) ... three years.

14.Listen to the dialogue. Then make up your own dialogues on analogy.

I My brother have My sister has My parents
sometimes never often been to already

A.: Hello, Kate. What are you doing?


К.: I'm cleaning the room.

A.: I have already cleaned my room and I can come and help you.

K.: Don't trouble. I have already cleaned the carpet, dusted the sideboard, the piano and the chairs. Now I am going to wash the floor. See you later.

A: So long!

15. Criticize the statement and offer some more information.

e The Present Perfect Tense.g.: T: Pete has won the first prize in the school competition.



P: Pete hasn't won the first prize. He hasn't taken part in it. He is ill.

16.Answer the following questions, using Present Indefinite. Pre­sent Continuous and Present Perfect.

e.g.: What are you doing at the English lesson? Do you study English at school? Have you learned many English words?

17.Ask your deskmate if he / she has ever done the action you are doing-now.

e.g.: Pi.: 1 am writing a letter to my friend in England. Have you ever written a letter The Present Perfect Tense to England? Рг.: No, I haven't. I have a pen-friend in Poland.

18.Make up a few sentences about sports competitions that have taken place in the last few months.

19.Make short episodes on your going shopping using the following sentences.

e.g.: Where have you bought this nice hat? I like it very much, etc.

20.Look at the picture and speak about:

a) what the boy has done before going to bed;

b) what the mother has done before inviting the family to table,

etc.

21.Imagine that today is your birthday. You've laid the table and The Present Perfect Tense now you are telling your friend what you've done to be sure nothing is wrong.

22.Tell your classmate what interesting and useful things you've done-this month (week. year).


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